Chantel Prat (University of Washington, Seattle)
Title: Resting-State Connectivity and Bilingual Language Experience
My research has consistently focused on how variability in brain functioning relates to individual differences in complex abilities, with a focus on network-level functioning. Recently, my work has shifted from investigating task-based patterns of activation to task-free measures of connectivity. In this talk, I will discuss two lines of research linking individual differences in patterns of resting-state connectivity to bilingual language experience. First I will describe a series of investigations that have used individual differences in resting-state connectivity to predict how readily someone will acquire a second language in adulthood. I will then transition to a new line of research investigating individual differences in resting-state connectivity in monolinguals and bilinguals with varying proficiencies and L2 experiences. I will wrap up by summarizing the implications of this research both for our understanding of how bilingualism shapes the mind and brain, and for understanding what is represented in individual differences in resting-state brain functioning.
When: Tuesday, June 11, 9:30am
Chantel Prat’s research investigates the biological basis of individual differences in cognition, with an emphasis on understanding the shared neural mechanisms underpinning language and higher-level executive abilities. Her research has employed fMRI, TMS, DTI, end ERPs to explore such mechanisms. She is currently investigating the overlap between language and executive functioning in bilinguals, who outperform monolinguals on tests of executive functioning, and in individuals with autism spectrum disorder, who exhibit impairments in both language and executive functions. She earned her Ph.D. at U.C. Davis, and completed her postdoctoral work at Carnegie Mellon, looking at network-level characterizations of cognitive capacity. She is currently an Assistant Professor at the University of Washington, Seattle, with appointments in Psychology, at the Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, and in the Neurobiology and Behavior Program. Click here to view her CV.