Are you interested in the computational complexity of language? In this reading group we’ll discuss how well different classes of formal grammars (e.g. regular and context-free) capture natural language phenomena, from phonology to syntax, as well as what these formal models might tell us about the cognitive and neural bases of language.
November 29, 2018
Title: How baby gets the groove: Modeling rhythm learning, perceptual narrowing, and enculturation
Ontogeny is a complex, emergent process that arises from interactions between the developing organism and the structures present in the rearing environment. In the field of infant development, one of the most well known consequences of organism-environment interactions is the adaption and re-organization of perception-action systems to structural regularities in the environment, a phenomenon called “perceptual narrowing” or “perceptual fine tuning.” Read More
November 28, 2018
At this CRBLM research blitz, three speakers will each present for 10 minutes, followed by 30 minutes of discussion.
November 14, 2018
Technological advancements allow us to generate an ever-growing amount of data. This modernization represents both an opportunity to increase one’s research and a challenge of technological transition. Read More
October 31, 2018
Meta-analysis is a powerful yet underused tool in experimental cognitive science. It allows researchers to leverage entire bodies of literature to get a broad and at the same time quantitative overview of a particular phenomenon, thereby promoting theory development and supporting study planning.
October 24, 2018
Title: Development and applications of portable functional brain imaging system using near-infrared spectroscopy
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an effective and non-invasive functional brain imaging method. Neuronal activities of the brain are strongly coupled with the hemodynamics in the local cerebral cortex and the hemodynamics can be extracted by using the fact that the absorption spectra of oxy hemoglobin (HbO) and deoxy hemoglobin (HbR) differs in the near-infrared region of the spectrum. Read More
October 23, 2018
A number of CRBLM researchers will be presenting alongside representatives from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the National Brain Research Centre, Manesar, India, at an informal symposium bringing together investigators, students, and postdocs focused around the topic of auditory learning and plasticity and its application to disorders. Attendance at the symposium is open and free to all members of the community, registration is required. More information here.
When: October 23, 2018
Where: MNI, De Grandpré Communications Centre
October 19, 2018
Title: Open access scholarship: increasing and demonstrating impact
Are you interested increasing the potential reach and impact of your scholarship? Have you heard about Open Access, but don’t have the time, funds or energy to pursue it?
September 01, 2018 - December 31, 2018
When: Every second Thursday from 13:00 to 14:00. First meeting September 20.
Where: Brams conference room, room A-103, Pavillon Marie-Victorin, Université de Montréal (90 Avenue Vincent-D’Indy, Outremont, H2V 2J7)
Are the effects of music on emotions, or music-induced emotions, part of your research interests and activities? Are you interested in learning how music brings us pleasure and why it is so rewarding? Have you always wanted to know more about the differences between felt and perceived musical emotions, musicians and non-musicians, instrumental and vocal sounds?
August 21, 2018
Title: The Cognitive and Neurological Effects of Bilingualism on Healthy Ageing and Dementia: Study Design (August 21st, 10:30 am)
Recent evidence has shown that bilingualism is a factor that has an impact on one’s cognitive abilities and brain structure in older age: cognitive abilities are better preserved (Bialystok et al., 2012), brain structures maintain their integrity for longer (Luk et al., 2011), and it has been suggested that bilingual individuals experience clinical onset of dementia later in life than comparable monolinguals (Alladi et al., 2013). Bilingual patients also maintain better cognitive function at higher levels of brain atrophy than monolinguals, suggesting bilingualism is related to higher cognitive reserve (Schweizer et al., 2012). However, to date, there is no longitudinal evidence linking bilingualism to the progression of dementia.
August 21, 2018
Title: Bilingualism is a Spectrum: Effects of specific language experiences on brain function and executive control (August 21st, 11 am)
The effects of bilingualism on executive control (EC) are debated, given the variable results found across studies. However, relatively few studies have specifically examined effects of individual differences in language use on executive control processes or their neural correlates. We assess the hypothesis that specific language use factors, both absolute and experience-based (EBFs), within the bilingual experience will alter neural activity in regions implicated in language/executive control processes.
July 05, 2018
Introductory workshop on MRI data analysis using Independent Component Analysis (ICA) – Thomas Gisiger
June 18, 2018
The most common method of analysis of fMRI data consists in comparing the BOLD signal in the brain with time series representing the various conditions of the experiment (e.g. task vs rest). Read More
June 05, 2018
It’s never too early (or too late) to start thinking about your career. Whether you already have clear career goals or you are interested in exploring how your hard-earned research skills could be applied in various types of professions, we want to help you succeed on your career path. The CRBLM career day is specifically tailored for graduate students who research brain, language, and music. Read More
May 14, 2018
The CRBLM Scientific Day is an annual event that showcases the research interests of the Centre for Research on Brain, Language and Music (CRBLM). The program for the day will be as follows:
11h Keynote Speaker Patricia Kuhl, Co-Director, Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences University of Washington (SH-2800)
Early Language Acquisition: Infant Brain Measures Advance Theory
May 04, 2018
Title: How corpus linguistics can contribute to SLA research: three case studies
There is wide agreement in the second language acquisition research community across all contemporary theoretical foci that second language learning is an inherently complex process: a multitude of language-internal and -external factors jointly characterize the initial state, the developmental route, the speed of advancement, and the ultimate attainment of second language learning, and they do so to varying extents at different stages of proficiency.
May 03, 2018
April 26, 2018
Title: The benefit to speech perception of hearing a familiar talker
Abstract: People often have to listen to someone speak in the presence of competing voices. Much is known about the acoustic cues used to overcome this challenge, but almost nothing is known about the utility of cues derived from experience with particular voices—cues that may be particularly important for older people and others with impaired hearing. Read More
April 19, 2018
Title: Early language development among bilingual minority language speakers
A core debate at the centre of the study of language acquisition has been whether this acquisition is driven by universal features of human language or by the language-specific characteristics of the language being acquired.Clinically, the universality or language-specific nature of language acquisition influences how milestones are used by speech-language pathologists, pediatricians, nurses, and early educators to identify communication disorders and access to early intervention. Read More
April 10, 2018
Dr. Pfordresher is the Visiting Fulbright Canada Research Chair at the CRBLM
Title: Cognitive bases of vocal imitation
The ability to mimic auditory patterns with the voice plays a critical role in language learning and singing accuracy. I will discuss research that focuses on individual differences in the vocal imitation of pitch, a core feature for both music and language. Read More